One meter equals 100 centimeters, to convert 5 meters to centimeters we have to multiply the amount of meters by 100 to obtain the width, height or length in centimeters. 5 meters is equal to 5 x 100 = 500 centimeters.
The meter (symbol: m) is the fundamental unit of length in the International System of Units (SI). It is defined as "the length of the path travelled by light in vacuum during a time interval of 1/299,792,458 of a second." In 1799, France start using the metric system, and that is the first country using the metric.
The centimeter (symbol: cm) is a unit of length in the metric system. It is also the base unit in the centimeter-gram-second system of units. The centimeter practical unit of length for many everyday measurements. A centimeter is equal to 0.01 (or 1E-2) meter.
To calculate a meter value to the corresponding value in centimeters, just multiply the quantity in meters by 100 (the conversion factor).
centimeters = meters * 100
The factor 100 is the result from the division 1 / 0.01 (centimeter definition). Therefore, another way would be:
centimeters = meters / 0.01
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